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Wage mandate: It will shrink the job pool

Prop. 202, the minimum wage initiative, would raise the statewide minimum wage from $5.15 to $6.75 per hour. Proponents don’t talk much about the other provisions in the proposition, which is understandable. There’s some pretty nasty stuff in the fine print.
The legal minimum wage, in principle, is government interference with our individual rights to contract with each other. If I need a job and you want some work done, we should be able to voluntarily enter into an employment contract with mutually agreed upon terms.
This is America. Why should government prohibit a student willing to take a low-paying internship in order to enhance his career? Especially since volunteering, working for no pay at all, is perfectly legal.
Advocates claim minimum wage legislation is needed so that working people won’t live in poverty. They even say forcing employers to pay workers more than the market value of their labor is economically stimulating, since lower income workers spend a higher proportion of their income. It would be wonderful if the world actually worked like that. We could require employers to pay $40 or $50 per hour and poverty would be abolished.
Back in the real world, though, artificially raising the price of labor above its actual value has consequences that aren’t wonderful at all.
Employers will naturally seek ways to avoid hiring such workers, such as hiring fewer but more productive workers, automating or deleting services. As a result, the job pool for entry-level workers shrinks.
There are, as always, studies supporting both sides, but 90 percent of economists agree that raising the minimum wage causes job loss. This is particularly hard on minority youth, whose obstacles to employment are often formidable.
Prop. 202 also exemplifies an unfortunate new trend in Arizona politics. Initiative writers with a popular cause have come to realize they can include stealth provisions in their text that will escape public notice — until the election is over and it’s too late.
Proponents claim, for example, that small businesses are excluded from the wage mandate. But according to a legal analysis by Sherman & Howard LLC, the initiative exempts no one. Small businesses, generally agreed to be most likely to suffer economic damage from minimum wage mandates, actually get no protection at all.
The “employers” affected by Prop. 202 may not be only businesses either. The law also targets “individuals” and other “entity acting in the interest of an employer.” So if you hire people to help with house or yard work, or employ a nanny, you could be personally liable under this law, even if you don’t pay them directly.
Why not just pay sufficient wages and avoid trouble? It might not be that simple. This law states you will be presumed to be in violation if you fail to keep accurate wage records for four years.
It goes on. Not only your employees but “any other designated representative,” including unions and special-interest groups, are permitted to file complaints anonymously. If they do, you are required to let them inspect and copy all payroll records. The unelected commission charged with enforcing the law also has carte blanche to inspect and copy “other business records” when a complaint is filed. So much for privacy and confidentiality.
Employers, personal or business, are not permitted to “hinder an investigation,” which seems to preclude attempts to defend yourself legally. Finally, if you violate recordkeeping, posting or other requirements, you would be liable not only for unpaid wages but “any other … relief” the commission or courts see fit to impose.
There’s more, but you get the idea. Prop 202 is unreasonably punitive and vindictive toward those who provide jobs. Let’s not let this one slip in under the radar.
Tom Patterson is the chairman of the Goldwater Institute and a former state senator.

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