Arizona has executed Jeffrey Landrigan for a 1989 murder in the state’s first execution since 2007.
Landrigan died by injection at a state prison in Florence at 10:26 p.m. Tuesday after a stay issued by a federal judge was lifted by the U.S. Supreme Court. That stay was based on questions about the effectiveness of the state’s supply of an execution drug in short supply.
Arizona obtained a supply of the sedative drug sodium thiopental from Great Britain.
Landrigan, who acknowledged his home state of Oklahoma in his last words, had been on death row since his 1990 conviction for murdering Chester Dyer of Phoenix in a killing that prosecutors said was part of a robbery.
“Well, I’d like to say thank you to my family for being here and all my friends, and Boomer Sooner,” he said, in an apparent reference to the University of Oklahoma fight song.
When curtains were opened at the start of the execution, Landrigan looked through a window at witnesses in an adjacent viewing room and appeared to use one arm to gesture in recognition of those he’d invited. They included relatives, a friend and two of his lawyers.
Throughout the execution, which took about 10 minutes from the start of administration of the drugs, whimpers and exhales could be heard from the screened-off area occupied by those witnesses.
Landrigan’s last meal was steak, fried okra, French fries, strawberry ice cream and Dr Pepper.
Landrigan’s execution came after a full day of delays brought on by a stay issued by a federal judge in Phoenix on Monday. The stay was upheld by an appeals court early Tuesday, but lifted by the Supreme Court just after 7 p.m. Arizona time.
Landrigan, now 50, was convicted of murdering Chester Dyer of Phoenix in a robbery.
Landrigan had a troubled childhood, being given up for adoption as an infant by his birth mother and not knowing his biological father until he was an adult. By then, the father was on death row in Arkansas. He died there in 2005 of natural causes.
During Landrigan’s teen years and young adulthood in Oklahoma, he had frequent scrapes with the law. By 1982, he was serving time for second-degree murder in the stabbing of a buddy when he walked away from an Oklahoma prison work detail a month before Dyer was killed.
Dyer, whose bloody body was found face-down on the bed in his ransacked apartment, was known for flashing a wad of cash on paydays as he sought homosexual sex, according to trial testimony.
Evidence against Landrigan included admissions to an ex-girlfriend and a psychologist and also physical evidence that included fingerprints, a crime-scene footprint that matched Landrigan’s sneakers and blood on a shirt that Dyer owned but that Landrigan was wearing after the killing. Also, Dyer had called a friend from his apartment and said he was having sex with “Jeff.”
Court battles leading up to the execution centered on Arizona’s resorting to use of a source other than the sole U.S. manufacturer for an execution drug in short supply nationally and on Landrigan’s push for courts to consider DNA evidence.
Arizona said Tuesday that it got its sodium thiopental from Great Britain, the first time a state has acknowledged obtaining the drug from outside the United States since the shortage began slowing executions in the spring.
The Supreme Court’s 5-4 ruling allowing the execution to proceed said a lower court was wrong to block Landrigan’s execution because of questions about the drug. The four liberal justices dissented.
A federal judge in Arizona blocked the execution after questioning whether it might be unsafe. The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals agreed in a ruling early Tuesday, but the nation’s high court reversed that decision.
“There is no evidence in the record to suggest that the drug obtained from a foreign source is unsafe,” the unsigned Supreme Court order said. “…Speculation cannot substitute for evidence that the use of the drug is ‘sure or very likely to cause serious illness and needless suffering.’”
The concern about the drug didn’t seem to come to fruition. Members of the media who witnessed the execution described it as “calm” and “mellow” by media members who witnessed it.
As the drugs started flowing, Landrigan was laying under a white sheet nearly up to his collar on a bed-like structure and didn’t move during the procedure. His lips parted slightly once he was unconscious.
“It is confirmed that the inmate is sedated,” Corrections Director Charles Ryan announced midway through the executions. Injection of the second and third drugs then began.
Landrigan attorney Dale Baich said after the execution that he was disappointed by the Supreme Court’s ruling, saying it did not uphold Landrigan’s right to protection against cruel and unusual punishment.
Baich demurred when asked whether he observed anything to indicate that Landrigan wasn’t sedated properly.
“I could not tell,” he told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. “I would not know to look for.”
Some crime-evidence — blood stains on Dyer’s blue jeans — weren’t done under court-ordered 2007 testing and were only tested recently. The defense said the omission was an inadvertent mistake by its testing lab.
The defense said preliminary DNA results disclosed last week indicated that the blood came from Dyer and a person other than Landrigan. They said that bolstered Landrigan’s innocence claim and justify holding a new hearing on the DNA evidence.
Prosecutors objected. They argued that the new DNA results tracked those of earlier testing and don’t matter anyway because, they said, another person participated in the killing.
The Arizona Supreme Court on Tuesday denied a motion to stay the execution over the DNA matter.
Arizona’s last execution was of Robert Comer on May 22, 2007.