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Author Archives: Arizona Capitol Times Staff

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Border Duty, 1916

Border Duty, 1916

Pancho Villa’s attack on Columbus, New Mexico, in the early morning hours of March 9, 1916, set in motion a huge mobilization of the U.S. Army and the National Guard. By July 31, almost 111,000 guardsmen were on the border and an additional 40,000 awaited orders in mobilization camps around the country.

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Fort Grant

Fort Grant

In 1885, when Geronimo and the Chiricahua Apaches were raiding in southern Arizona, the 10th Cavalry was transferred from Texas to Forts Grant, Thomas, Apache and Verde in the Arizona Territory. (The 10th was one of the cavalry regiments organized with black troops after the Civil War. Indians called the men Buffalo Soldiers after their short curly hair.) The men of the 10th sent to Fort Grant had been given one of the most desirable postings in the Arizona Territory.

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