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Court stops County Recorder from sending ballots to all voters for Tuesday election

Maricopa County Recorder Adrian Fontes speaks at a press conference on Sept. 12, 2018. (Photo by Paulina Pineda/Arizona Capitol Times)

Maricopa County Recorder Adrian Fontes speaks at a press conference on Sept. 12, 2018. (Photo by Paulina Pineda/Arizona Capitol Times)

A Superior Court judge has stopped Maricopa County Recorder Adrian Fontes from sending ballots to all voters who aren’t on the early voters list for Tuesday’s Presidential Preference Election. 

Attorney General Mark Brnovich filed suit Friday for the emergency order after the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors and Secretary of State Katie Hobbs said Fontes disobeyed their orders to not mail out the ballots.

“The Maricopa County Recorder cannot unilaterally rewrite state election laws,” Brnovich said in a press release. “Fontes is creating chaos in our elections during an already difficult time. In times of crisis, the public looks to our elected officials to follow the law – not make reactionary decisions for political gain.”

Hobbs wrote a letter to Fontes this afternoon calling his actions illegal. 

Katie Hobbs

Katie Hobbs

“I want to reiterate what I communicated to you on the phone this morning,” Hobbs wrote. “My Office’s position is that you do not have legal authority at this stage to mail a ballot to all voters who have not requested one. The lack of an express statutory prohibition is irrelevant. If your view were correct, counties apparently have had authority to conduct countywide all-mail elections all this time.”

Hobbs also referenced in her letter a Fontes tweet Thursday in which he said “if it were up to [him]” he would have mailed all the ballots to voters already. 

“Apparently, sometime between that tweet and this morning, you decided it is up to you, despite the fact that the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors determined otherwise,” Hobbs wrote

A Maricopa County spokesman told Arizona Capitol Times the Board of Supervisors did not support the County Recorder’s decision and would try to stop it if possible. 

“It’s their understanding that this is outside of his and the Board’s legal authority to send ballots to people that are not on the (Permanent Early Voting List),” county spokesman Fields Moseley said. “The board is seeking legal advice, and will stop it if it’s at all possible.”

On top of those elected officials chiding Fontes for going rogue, two elections lawyers agreed his actions were either illegal or at least irresponsible. 

Kory Langhofer, a Republican elections attorney, said what Fontes is doing is clearly illegal. 


Mark Brnovich

Mark Brnovich

However, Fontes acted alone and planned ahead to mail out the ballots to voters with the intention that they would be in the mail before any legal action could be taken, but in a press conference, Fontes admitted no ballots were mailed. 

Tom Collins, the executive director of the Clean Elections Commission, said that aside from whether this is even legal, it creates concern from a “public confidence perspective.”

Fontes’ statement is in direct conflict with the message Hobbs sent out hours earlier based on advice from state health officials, Collins said. 

“At a time when clarity around public health communications is important and regularity in the competence of an election is of the utmost importance – and given that this particular election has been problematic within the recent memory – I would assume that the county, the governor, the secretary and the county recorder need to get on the same page,” he said. 

Hobbs also warned Fontes not to continue this approach in August and November because it will cause confusion among voters. “I … urge you to abandon your current effort, which will only cause massive voter confusion and, more critically, jeopardize the legitimacy of this election,” she wrote. 

Fontes, in his original announcement of this “unprecedented” plan, said there wasn’t a law preventing him from doing this.

“There is no explicit authority in law for this and there’s also no prohibition in law,” Fontes told Arizona Capitol Times today. “We’re doing this to support the Board of Supervisors to make sure that every eligible voter can safely fill out a ballot, put it in the envelope and maintain appropriate social distance by just popping in and dropping it off at any of the polling locations that will be open on Tuesday,” he said.

Since then, the county held a press conference addressing this issue and according to the Maricopa County Recorder’s website, some polling places have already shut down in the county. Moseley said there was a growing concern over not having enough poll workers given the state of emergency over COVID-19. 

The county reduced its vote centers from 229 to 151, but all of them will be used as drop off zones, which was Fontes’ intention.

During a conference call with county recorders last week, Fontes urged Hobbs’ staff to lean on  Gov. Doug Ducey to declare a limited emergency for the election, but Hobbs never took the idea to the Governor’s Office. 

Fontes wanted Ducey to declare a limited emergency to allow the election to go entirely ballot-by-mail, and allow the county to print ballots and mail them to the roughly 200,000 voters who didn’t get an early ballot – which he ultimately decided to do unilaterally, without an emergency declaration.

Reporter Andrew Nicla contributed to this story. 


  1. I’m sure if this had been an election that Republicans were voting in, the Republican controlled Maricopa County Supervisors would’ve been just fine with mailing out the ballots. In the meantime – why did Ducey declare a state of emergency? What does it do? Doesn’t help people vote. Can’t even have toilet paper on the store shelves.

  2. On Wednesday, March 11, I spoke briefly to the Board of Supervisors, representing the League of Women Voters. I asked them to consider mailing out ballots to all registered voters for the August and November elections in light of the health crisis. I had made the assumption that it could not be done for the march 17 election. Little did I know on that day that it was indeed feasible and that Recorder Fontes had already prepared to act on that plan and was ready to mail ballots out. Shame on our Board of Supervisors for stopping him. I believe their actions were purely political, meant to tarnish his bid for reelection. Once again they have proven their main concern is for suppressing the vote; not for voters’ rights, and clearly not for the health and safety of citizens.

  3. Then fine. OK. So – when those “early ballots” come in, they should ALL be destroyed. No way of really knowing who requested an early ballot, so they should All be tossed out. Fontes is pulling a fast one, but SHOULD NOT – EVER – get away with it. One has to wonder why he’s so afraid of a legitimate election?

  4. “Fontes knew he was acting without statutory authorization or precedent, but he

    was absolutely trying to do the right thing by voters. Of course, the Republican

    Arizona Attorney General, Mark Brnovich, shut that **** right down and slapped

    Fontes with a restraining order and lawsuit, which he easily and rightly won:

    Bronvich certainly had the law, if not equity and public safety, on his side.”

  5. in Arizona you don’t have to have a reason to receive a mail-in ballot as a registered voter. You just have to request it. Given the current situation that we are in didn’t it make sense just to mail out ballots to every registered voter like he wanted to do? unless you’re against registered voters actually voting I don’t see what the problem is.

  6. It stuns me that nobody cares about the law, only the justification of ways to advance their cause. As a Republican who doesn’t support Trump, I have many concerns about Mr Finchem. But, I only think I know what he will do. As for Mr Fontes, he has already shown who he is. He showed complete disregard for the law, as compared to his own beliefs. And that was as County Recorder, a position which ought to be more administrative than political. I do not want to see what he will do when he is actually in a position that is more political.

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Tags: Permanent Early Voting List, Tom Collins, Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, Fields Moseley, Adrian Fontes, Mark Brnovich, Katie Hobbs, secretary of state